THE NEED OF THE HOUR “SURVIVAL” – COVID-19
How is your quarantine days are going….?
Of course, you all are bored … am I right…?
Now, we all can easily realize the pain of all the species which we have captured either in our houses, zoos.
Just think about the condition of those species who are being tortured by us in some way or other, now we humans are bound to stay at home feeling depression, anxiety and panic situation.
This situation occurred all because of … “THE NOVEL CORONAVIRUS”.
It is of no surprise that the whole world is now facing the most critical condition in the history of mankind. It seems like what humans have done to the mother earth is very disastrous and now it’s time for the whole world to pay back.
COVID-19 is just a medium to threat humans. And that’s what I am going to talk about.
“Information is the most powerful weapon in the fight for global health.”
Now, you all will be thinking what is COVID-19…?
The term COVID-19 itself stands for CORONAVIRUS INFECTIOUS DISEASE – 2019.
Let’s know in more detail about the disease: –
Coronaviruses were first found in humans in 1960s the virus causes flu and gastro intestinal problems.
“The virus has protrusions on its surface.”
This makes the virus looks like an emperor’s crown and hence the deadliest virus got its name Coronavirus.
The protrusions are made up of protein. The virus can also infect cattle, dogs , pigs, camel, birds and hedgehogs apart from humans. However, there is no proof still that COVID-19 spreads in these species except humans. But we have to be careful as we are not able to detect its seriousness of spread still.
Coronavirus are so named because of the crown like appearance of their virus particles when seen under an electron microscope. (corona means crown).
The new corona virus outbreak is linked to a market in WUHAN, CHINA which sold meat and living animals.
It is thought that it is originated in animals or we can say that it originated from bats.
The Wuhan outbreak bears similarity to the 2002-03 epidemics of SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. (SARS-COV)
The SARS-COV outbreak, which started in South China, lasted for over nine months.
• HUMAN CORONAVIRUS
In humans, corona virus is thought to cause a significant percentage of all common colds. Corona virus can also cause pneumonia and bronchitis.
The 2003 outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is caused by a coronavirus, namely, (SARS-COV).
• TYPES OF CORONAVIRUS: –
There are seven strains of the coronavirus documented till date: –
◉ Human coronavirus 229E (HCOV-229E)
◉ Human Coronavirus OC43 (HCOV-OC43)
◉ New haven coronavirus (HCOV-NL63)
◉ Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome- Related Coronavirus (SARS-COV)
◉ Human Coronavirus HKU1
◉ Middle East-Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-COV)
◉ THE NOVEL CORONAVIRUS (2019- nCOV)
• NOVEL CORONAVIRUS (2019-NCOV)
The Novel Coronavirus is also known as the Wuhan Pneumonia or the Wuhan coronavirus. It is the vrirus that is responsible for the 2019-20 outbreak in the whole world which is now declared pandemic by the World Health Organization.
• Why is the novel coronavirus a cause for concern?
The Novel Coronavirus has never been observed before, hence, there is no specific treatment for the disease. Current anti-viral treatments are also deemed ineffective at combating the illness. Therefore, present treatment is focused only on alleviating the symptoms of the disease.
Initially, the nCOv was thought to be a zoonotic disease, however, current findings suggest that the disease spreads from person to person. It is suspected to spread through the respiratory droplets (an infected person sneezing or coughing).
• Also at the same time we are wondering about the coronavirus symptoms: –
▣ Dry Cough
▣ Shortness of breath
▣ Respiratory Distress
• Severe infection can lead to other life threatening conditions such as:-
▣ Kidney Failure
▣ Death usually occurs as a result of respiratory failure.
Well, as the spread of COVID-19 continues various new words are being coined as a matter of safety or we can say that new words added to the dictionary in march 2020.
Because the COVID-19 Crisis has developed at such a rapid pace and some of the words and ideas related with the crisis are themselves new. And few such words are: –
▣ SOCIAL DISTANCING
However, I am now going to discuss in details: –
• Important abbreviation: –
▣ SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)
▣ MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)
However, these words are added with more technical designations SARS-COV, SARS COV-2, MERS-COV
▣ Covid-19 termed as “Novel ccoronavirus” nCOV.
• In terms of medical abbreviations words coined: –
It is known as the first documented case of an infectious disease or genetically transmitted condition or mutation in a family, region or population.
It means an individual affected with the first known case of an infectious disease or genetically transmitted condition or mutation in a family, region or population.
Person who is identified as the first to become infected with an illness in an outbreak.
Identifying and monitoring individuals who may have had contact with an infectious person as a means of controlling the spread of communicable disease.
Spread of a contagious disease to individual in a particular geographic location who have no known contacts with other infected individuals or who have not recently travelled to an area where the disease has any documented case.
Individuals who is highly contagious and capable of transmitting a communicable disease to an unusually large no. of uninfected individuals.
• WORDS COINED WITH RESPECT TO PREVENTION
The practice of maintaining a greater than usual physical distance from other people or of avoiding direct contact with people or objects in public places during the outbreak of a contagious disease in order to minimize exposure and reduce the transmission of infection.
It means to stay away from any contact with other individuals for a period of time (such as two weeks) during the outbreak of a contagious disease usually be remaining in one’s home and limiting contact with family members.
Isolation word denotes a hospital or word for patients with contagious or infectious disease like COVID-19.
It is a state of isolation or restricted access instituted as a security measure.
Due to coronavirus outbreak many countries opt for lockdown as a security measure to stop the community spread. And also, to keep the situation under control.
As we can see many people are unaware about the consequences of COVID-19. And also, there is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease (COVID-19).
But yes, there is nothing in this world without a solution as scientists from many countries are trying their best to find vaccine. However, there is no such vaccine yet but still we can protect ourselves and help prevent the spread of the virus to others if we: –
• Wash our hands regularly for 20 seconds in every 30 minutes with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub.
• Use of alcohol-based sanitizer.
• Cover our nose and mouth with a disposable tissue or flexed elbow when we cough or sneeze.
• Avoid close contact (I meter or 3 feet) distance with people who are unwell.
• Look after your personal hygiene, take bath daily or after coming from any crowded places.
• Sanitize any kind of purchased items or groceries at first then use.
• Avoid going to any crowded places, family functions.
• Stay home and self-isolate from others in the household if you feel unwell.
• Last but not the least follow government guidelines issued by health ministry. As they are continuously trying their best about the consequences of pandemic.
• Don’t touch your eyes, nose or mouth if your hands are not clean.
• Stop spreading fake news.
• Don’t believe on rumors.
• Say no to hand shake while meeting new people or attending any meetings.
Well guys you all will be surprised to know that now after coronavirus outbreak whole world is following new way of saying hello in Indian style…
“NAMASTE IS THE NEW HELLO” …….
For more information about the spread across the nation and for helpline numbers 👉🏻 Click Here
FACTS and MYTHS related to CORONAVIRUS
It’s a sad reality but for the past few months, the world has been on high alert about coronavirus .
But in this pandemic we have to be very careful as we come across many myths related to this deadly virus.
◉ Is it safe to exchange a letter or packages from other countries….?
Yes, it is safe . People who are receiving the packages are not at the high risk of contracting the new virus (COVID-19).
From previous research, we find out that coronavirus do not survive longer on any objects, such as letter or packages.
◉Does coronavirus spreads from pets at home…?
We all know that worldwide there are approximately 28 lakhs people infected from the virus.
At present, researchers have not found any evidence that pets such as dogs or cats can be infected with the new coronavirus.
However, I would like to suggest people to wash their hands with soap and water after contact with pets. This also helps to protect you from any common infections.
◉ Coronavirus only affects older people, or all age groups…?
No, people of all age groups are at a high risk of getting the virus from an infant to an old man.
However, older people, and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease) appears to be most affected if they caught the virus and they have high mortality rate also in this group.
WHO advise people of all age to take steps to protect themselves from the virus. For this you can maintain your personal hygiene and also good respiratory condition.
◉ Can eating Turmeric, Ginger and Garlic protects us from the coronavirus?
The answer is no. Yes ofcourse these are a source of antioxidants and also helps us to recover from common flu but not in the case of COVID-19.
These are healthy food that may have some anti-microbal properties. So, there is no current evidence from the current outbreak that these have helped recovering from the new coronavirus.
◉ Coronavirus is same as Pneumonia and nothing to be worried as there is already a vaccine…?
No, COVID-19 is not same as Pneumonia as it has its own cure and a vaccine. Pneumonia is also a respiratory disease but COVID-19 is totally a new challenge for the world and it needs its own vaccine.
WHO says that scientists from all over the world are trying day and night to find the vaccine but still it seems to be long struggle.
Pneumonia vaccine is not going to help anyway.
◉ Can spraying chlorine and alcohol sanitizer will protect you from the virus….?
No, spraying chlorine and alcohol sanitizers will not kill the virus after it has entered your body.
Spraying such substances can be harmful to us as alcohol based sanitizers can cause severe burns after coming in contact with the fire.
So, be careful as their use is best limited as a disinfectant.
◉ Will drying your hands with a hand dryer help prevent the spread of coronavirus?
Hand dryers will not kill the virus, but it is still recommended to wash your hands after regular intervals and dry with paper, towel or a dryer.
◉ Is sneezing into your elbow still recommended…?
Yes, sneezing or coughing into your elbow, upper sleeve , or into a tissue is a good way to reduce the chance of spreading infections.
◉ Is it necessary to wear a mask if I am healthy or not around anyone infected…?
Not necessarily, masks should be worn by those who have the infection and respirators should be worn by those spending time around infected people as they are those people who are risking their lives at a high risk of getting the corona virus.
◉ Does respirators help protect you from infection…?
Seriously speaking wearing home made mask if of no use and it also does not guarantee your protection from the virus. But, using N95 or N99 respirator can protect you from 95% of very small particles in the air.
◉ Does the coronavirus dies in hotter temperature… ?
No such evidence proves that COVID-19 or Ncov dies in hotter weather. Structure of coronavirus is totally different.
Scientists says that various research from the past experience reveals that virus do end when came in contact from warm temperature but the case of coronavirus is totally different as it is spreading equally in hotter temperature.